Communicating clearly

Paraphrased from “Logic and Conversation”, an article by H. P. Grice:

1. Make your contribution as informative as is required (for the current purposes of the exchange).

2. Do not make your contribution more informative than is required — do not add any potentially distracting extraneous information.

3. Do not say what you believe to be false.

4. Do not say that for which you lack adequate evidence.

5. Avoid obscurity of expression.

6. Avoid ambiguity.

7. Be brief (avoid unnecessary words).

8. Be orderly.

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